Traditional Ecological Knowledge

Information pertaining to Traditional Ecological Knowledge methods.

Using Spatial Information Technology to FuseTraditional Native and Modern Resource Management Strategies

Bryan A. Marozas
GIS Coordinator
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Albuquerque Area Office
P.O. Box 26567
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87125
(505) 346-7109
bryan_marozas@mail.doi.gov

Jhon Goes In Center
President
Innovative GIS Solutions, Inc.
Suite 300, 2000 S. College Ave.
Fort Collins, Colorado 80525
(970) 490-5900 Fax: 490-2300
jgic@innovativegis.com

Abstract: In the past, the tribal decision making process relied upon a valuable set of cultural and ecological knowledge to make resource management decisions. Today, tribes have begun to develop Integrated Resource Management Plans to help make informed resource management decisions. The premise of this paper is that these are two different resource management strategies. One is developed from tribal reference points throughout an aboriginal territory while the other is developed by land use planners within the extent of the reservation boundary. Due to the spatial nature of both management strategies, Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can be used to facilitate the inclusion of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the tribal decision making process.

Paper presented at the "Circles of Wisdom" Historical Reminders - Contemporary Issues - U.S. Global Change Research Program - Native Peoples - Native Homelands - Climate Change Workshop on October 31, 1998. Albuquerque, New Mexico.

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Enhancing Tribal Integrated Resource Management Plans by Integrating Traditional Knowledge with GIS Technology

Bryan A. Marozas
GIS Coordinator, Bureau of Indian Affairs

Abstract
In the past, the tribal decision making process relied upon a valuable set of cultural and ecological knowledge to make resource management decisions. More recently, some American Indian tribes have begun developing Integrated Resource Management Plans in an attempt to make informed resource management decisions. The premise of this paper is that it would be important to incorporate traditional cultural and ecological knowledge into the Integrated Resource Management Planning process. Due to the spatial nature of traditional cultural and ecological knowledge, Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can facilitate the inclusion of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in the tribal decision making process.

For more information, please contact:

Bryan A. Marozas
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Albuquerque Area Office
Branch of Natural Resources
P.O. Box 26567
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87125-6567
(505) 766-3334

Indigenous peoples and the use of intellectual property rights in Canada

Case studies relating to intellectual property rights
Submitted to:
Intellectual Property Policy Directorate
Corporate Governance Branch
Industry Canada
and to the:
Canadian Working Group on Art. 8(j) of the Biodiversity Convention
by:
HOWARD MANN, LL.M, Ph.D.
International and Environmental Law and Policy
Ottawa, Ontario
 
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When All Peoples Have the Same Story, Humans will Cease to Exist: Protecting and Conserving Traditional Knowledge

A Report for the Biodiversity Convention Office
Prepared for the Dene Cultural Institute
by: Aggie Brockman
with the assistance of Barney Masuzumi and Stephen Augustine
September, 1997

Introduction
Traditional Knowledge has become acknowledged in the past 20 years as having great
potential to contribute to environmental conservation and management. Biological
diversity is increasingly recognized as interdependent with cultural diversity, which in
turn relies on traditional knowledge, the cornerstone for the cultural identity of
indigenous peoples.

Traditional Ecological Knowledge is a body of knowledge built up by a group of people
through generations of living in close contact with nature. Traditional Knowledge is
cumulative and dynamic. It builds upon the historic experiences of a people and adapts
to social, economic, environmental, spiritual and political change. The quantity and
quality of Traditional Knowledge differs among community members according to their
gender, age, social standing, profession and intellectual capabilities. While those
concerned about biological diversity will be most interested in knowledge about the
environment, this information must be understood in a manner which encompasses
knowledge about the cultural, economic, political and spiritual relationships with the land
(Brockman and Legat, 1995). “It provides a distinctive worldview of which outsiders are
rarely aware, and at best can only incompletely grasp” (Greaves 1996).

Defining Traditional Knowledge is the responsibility of First Nations and Inuit. It may
not be possible, or advisable for one definition to be adopted universally (Brooke 1993).
“It resists simple, abstract and objective definitions and focuses on inter-relatedness”
(Couture 1991 quoted in Friesen 1995).

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